Document Detail


Comparative kinetic disposition of oxfendazole in sheep and goats before and during infection with Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8230395     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The kinetic disposition of [14C]-oxfendazole (OFZ) and its metabolites, fenbendazole (FBZ) and fenbendazole sulphone (FBZ.SO2), in plasma and abomasal fluid were determined in Merino sheep and Angora goats before and during infection with Trichostrongylus colubriformis and Haemonchus contortus. The systemic availability (area under the plasma curve, AUC) of OFZ was significantly lower in goats (13.5 micrograms.h/ml) than in sheep (22.2 micrograms.h/ml) and was reduced with infection in goats (5.6 micrograms.h/ml) and sheep (15.1 micrograms.h/ml). The elimination of plasma [14C] was faster in goats than in sheep. The responses observed for [14C] were a reflection of the behaviour of OFZ. The concentration of OFZ and metabolites in abomasal fluid were similar in both species in the absence or presence of infection. However, as the mean flow rate of abomasal fluid was slower in goats (240 ml/h) than in sheep (488 ml/h), only 7% of the dose passed the pylorus in abomasal fluid of goats compared with 14% in sheep. The presence of gastrointestinal nematodes generally increased abomasal fluid flow rate but neither species nor infection had any effect on the rate or extent of [14C] excretion in urine or faeces. It is suggested that goats possess a faster hepatic metabolism than sheep resulting in more rapid elimination of OFZ.
Authors:
D R Hennessy; N C Sangster; J W Steel; G H Collins
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0140-7783     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Pharmacol. Ther.     Publication Date:  1993 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-12-17     Completed Date:  1993-12-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910920     Medline TA:  J Vet Pharmacol Ther     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  245-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
CSIRO Division of Animal Health, McMaster Laboratory, Glebe, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abomasum / metabolism
Animals
Antinematodal Agents / pharmacokinetics*
Benzimidazoles / pharmacokinetics*
Biological Availability
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / veterinary
Goat Diseases / metabolism*,  parasitology
Goats
Haemonchiasis / metabolism,  veterinary*
Haemonchus / drug effects,  growth & development
Liver / metabolism
Sheep
Sheep Diseases / metabolism*,  parasitology
Trichostrongylosis / metabolism,  veterinary*
Trichostrongylus / drug effects,  growth & development
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antinematodal Agents; 0/Benzimidazoles; 53716-50-0/oxfendazole

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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