Document Detail


Comparative finite element analysis of the biomechanical stability of 2.0 fixation plates in atrophic mandibular fractures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23351762     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to conduct a computational, laboratory-based comparison of the biomechanical stability of 2.0 fixation locking plates with different profiles in Class III atrophic mandibular fractures using 3-dimensional finite element analysis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional finite element models simulating Class III atrophic mandibular fractures were constructed. The models were divided into 4 groups according to plate thickness (1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 mm). Fractures were simulated in left mandibular bodies, and 3 locking screws were used on each side of each fracture for fixation. Bite forces of approximately 63 N were simulated in the incisor and molar regions of the mandibles in finite element models.
RESULTS: The level of compressive strain on the bone around the screw was within the physiological limit. No significant difference was observed in the displacement of bone segments in the fracture region. Von Mises stress was higher during simulated bites in the molar region for plates with thicknesses of 1.0 mm. Plate tension values were below the level required for permanent deformation or fracture in all models. The 2.5-mm-thick plate presented better biomechanical performance than all other plates. The 2.0-mm-thick plate also showed satisfactory results and adequate safety limits.
CONCLUSION: Large-profile (2.0-mm-thick) locking plates showed better biomechanical performance than did 1.0- and 1.5-mm-thick plates and can be considered an alternative reconstruction plate for the treatment of Class III atrophic mandibular fractures.
Authors:
André Vajgel; Igor Batista Camargo; Ramiro Brito Willmersdorf; Tiago Menezes de Melo; José Rodrigues Laureano Filho; Ricardo José de Holanda Vasconcellos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1531-5053     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206428     Medline TA:  J Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  335-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Postgraduate Student, PhD Program in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: avajgel@hotmail.com.
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