Document Detail


Comparative effects of losartan and enalapril on exercise capacity and clinical status in patients with heart failure. The Losartan Pilot Exercise Study Investigators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9316528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine 1) whether 12-week oral administration of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, in patients with heart failure is well tolerated; and 2) whether functional capacity and clinical status of patients with heart failure in whom treatment with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor is replaced with losartan for 12 weeks will remain similar to that noted in patients in whom treatment with an ACE inhibitor is continued. BACKGROUND: Losartan is a specific, nonpeptide angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Although specific receptor blockade with losartan has certain theoretic advantages over nonspecific ACE inhibition, definitive demonstration of comparable effects in patients with congestive heart failure is lacking. METHODS: A double-blind, multicenter, randomized, parallel, enalapril-controlled study was conducted in 116 patients with congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classes II to IV) and left ventricular ejection fraction < or = 45% previously treated with stable doses of ACE inhibitors and diuretic agents, with or without concurrent digitalis and other vasodilators. After a baseline exercise period, open-label ACE inhibitors were discontinued, and patients were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of therapy with losartan, 25 mg/day (n = 38); losartan, 50 mg/day (n = 40); or enalapril, 20 mg/day (n = 38). Drug efficacy was evaluated by changes in maximal treadmill exercise time (using a modified Naughton protocol), 6-min walk test, left ventricular ejection fraction and dyspnea-fatigue index. Safety was measured by the incidence of clinical and laboratory adverse experiences. RESULTS: The treadmill exercise time and the 6-min walk test did not change significantly after replacement of ACE inhibitor therapy with losartan. Similarly, a significant change was not observed in either the dyspnea-fatigue index or left ventricular ejection fraction at the end of double-blind period relative to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Losartan was generally well tolerated and comparable to enalapril in terms of exercise tolerance in this short-term (12-week) study of patients with heart failure. The clinical effects of long-term angiotensin II receptor blockade compared with ACE inhibition remain to be studied.
Authors:
R M Lang; U Elkayam; L G Yellen; D Krauss; R S McKelvie; D E Vaughan; D E Ney; L Makris; P I Chang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-30     Completed Date:  1997-10-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  983-91     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Chicago Medical Center, Illinois 60637, USA. rlang@medicine.bsd.uchicago
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Administration, Oral
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
Double-Blind Method
Enalapril / therapeutic use*
Exercise Test / drug effects
Exercise Tolerance / drug effects*
Female
Heart Failure / drug therapy*,  physiopathology*
Humans
Losartan / therapeutic use*
Male
Middle Aged
Receptors, Angiotensin / antagonists & inhibitors*
Stroke Volume / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Receptors, Angiotensin; 114798-26-4/Losartan; 75847-73-3/Enalapril

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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