Document Detail

Comparative effects of insulin and porcine somatotropin on postweaning follicular development in primiparous sows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9621954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compared the effects of exogenous insulin and porcine ST (pST) on follicular development after weaning. Crossbred primiparous sows received saline (1.5 mL i.m.; n = 9), insulin (.4 IU/kg BW s.c.; Eli Lilly Lente Iletin II; n = 10), or pST (40 microg/kg BW i.m.; n = 10) from d 1 to 5 after weaning (d 0). Ovaries were collected, the diameter of each follicle > or = 2 mm was measured, and fluid from the 20 largest follicles was assessed for IGF-I, IGF binding proteins (IGFBP), estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone. The total number (27.7, 25.3, and 29.1 for saline, insulin, and pST, respectively; SEM = 3.2) and average diameter (4.7, 5.2, and 5.5 mm for saline, insulin, and pST treatments, respectively; SEM = .3 mm) of ovarian follicles were not affected by insulin or pST treatment. The pST and insulin increased follicular fluid estradiol and testosterone in medium and large follicles compared to fluid from saline-treated sows, but the increase was greater for insulin than for pST treatment (treatment x size interaction, P < .01). Similarly, progesterone concentrations in follicular fluid were higher in medium and large follicles after insulin treatment, and pST treatment induced higher progesterone concentrations in small follicles and increasingly lower concentrations of progesterone in medium and large follicles (treatment x size interaction, P < .0007) compared to saline treatment. Follicular fluid IGF-I was greater (treatment x health interaction, P < .0001) in atretic and nonatretic follicles from pST-treated sows than in those from insulin- and saline-treated sows. Follicular fluid IGFBP-2 (tendency, P < .07) and IGFBP, possibly representing IGFBP-5 (30 kDa) and IGFBP-4 (22 kDa), were higher in atretic follicles than in nonatretic follicles (P < .05), whereas IGFBP-3 was not influenced by health status. The 30- and 22-kDa IGFBP were also influenced by treatment, increasing due to pST compared with saline or insulin treatments (P < .008). Follicular fluid IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-3 were not influenced by treatment. In conclusion, pST and insulin positively influenced follicular steroidogenesis and possibly follicular development, although through different mechanisms.
N C Whitley; A B Moore; N M Cox
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-09     Completed Date:  1998-07-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1455-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Mississippi State University, Mississippi State 39762, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / analysis,  drug effects
Estradiol / analysis
Follicular Atresia / drug effects,  physiology
Follicular Fluid / chemistry
Growth Hormone / pharmacology*
Insulin / pharmacology*
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins / analysis
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis
Ovarian Follicle / drug effects*,  physiology
Progesterone / analysis
Swine / physiology*
Testosterone / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 57-83-0/Progesterone; 58-22-0/Testosterone; 67763-96-6/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; 9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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