Document Detail

Comparative effects of captopril and isosorbide dinitrate on pulmonary arteriolar resistance and right ventricular function in patients with severe left ventricular failure: results of a randomized crossover study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3890506     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compared the short-term hemodynamic effects of isosorbide dinitrate (40 mg orally) and captopril (25 mg orally) in 18 patients with severe chronic heart failure in a randomized, crossover study conducted on consecutive days. Captopril and isosorbide dinitrate produced similar decreases in systemic vascular resistance, but whereas nitrate therapy decreased pulmonary arteriolar resistance significantly, captopril did not; the difference between the two drugs was highly significant (-25% vs -5%, p less than 0.001). Left ventricular filling pressures declined similarly with both captopril (-10.5 mm Hg) and with isosorbide dinitrate (-9.3 mm Hg), but because pulmonary arteriolar resistance fell significantly with nitrate therapy, mean right atrial pressure decreased more with isosorbide dinitrate than with captopril (-5.4 vs -2.8 mm Hg, respectively; p less than 0.001). Although systemic resistance declined similarly with both drugs, cardiac index increased more with nitrate therapy than during converting-enzyme inhibition (+0.47 vs +0.23 L/min/m2) (p less than 0.01), and therefore mean arterial pressure fell less with isosorbide dinitrate than with captopril (-10.5 mm Hg vs -16.7 mm Hg); p less than 0.05); two patients developed symptomatic hypotension with captopril, whereas none did so with the nitrate. The difference in the effects of the two drugs on cardiac index was not due to differences in their effects on heart rate, since heart rate fell similarly with both drugs, and thus both drugs produced similar increases in stroke volume index. These data indicate that, in patients with severe chronic heart failure, nitrates exert favorable dilating effects on the pulmonary circulation not shared by captopril.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M Packer; N Medina; M Yushak; W H Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1985 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-07-16     Completed Date:  1985-07-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1293-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Captopril / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Clinical Trials as Topic
Heart Failure / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Heart Ventricles
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Hypotension / chemically induced
Isosorbide Dinitrate / therapeutic use*
Proline / analogs & derivatives*
Pulmonary Circulation / drug effects*
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
147-85-3/Proline; 62571-86-2/Captopril; 87-33-2/Isosorbide Dinitrate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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