Document Detail


Comparative development of digestive organs, intestinal disaccharidases and some blood metabolites in broiler and layer-type chicks after hatching.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8773845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. Body weight, digestive organ weights, and activities of disaccharidases (maltase and saccharase) activities were determined from day of hatch to 21 d of age in meat- and egg-type chickens. Blood plasma was analysed for enzyme activities and metabolite concentration. 2. In meat-type chickens food intake and growth rate were about 3-fold those in egg-type chickens. Food efficiency was superior in meat-type chickens throughout the experimental period. 3. Meat-type chickens hatched with disaccharidase activities exceeding those found in their egg-type counterparts 2- to 5-fold. From 7 d of age on, this trend reversed, i.e. activity was much higher in egg-type than in meat-type chickens. 4. Blood plasma amylase activity increased gradually in meat-type chickens and was higher than in egg-type chickens to 14 d of age. No breed differences were observed for alkaline phosphatase or lactate dehydrogenase activities during the experimental period. 5. Blood plasma concentrations of total protein, albumin, glucose, and calcium, were lower in meat than in egg-type chickens.
Authors:
M Mahagna; I Nir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-11     Completed Date:  1997-03-11     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Faculty of Agriculture, Rehovot.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
3-Hydroxybutyric Acid
Aging
Alkaline Phosphatase / blood
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Blood Glucose / analysis
Blood Proteins / analysis
Body Weight
Calcium / blood
Chickens / growth & development*
Cholesterol / blood
Digestive System / anatomy & histology,  growth & development*
Eggs
Hydroxybutyrates / blood
Intestines / enzymology
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
Male
Meat
Organ Size
Phosphorus / blood
Species Specificity
Sucrase / metabolism*
Triglycerides / blood
alpha-Amylases / blood
alpha-Glucosidases / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Blood Proteins; 0/Hydroxybutyrates; 0/Triglycerides; 300-85-6/3-Hydroxybutyric Acid; 57-88-5/Cholesterol; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus; EC 1.1.1.27/L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 3.1.3.1/Alkaline Phosphatase; EC 3.2.1.1/alpha-Amylases; EC 3.2.1.20/alpha-Glucosidases; EC 3.2.1.48/Sucrase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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