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Comparative analysis of phase III migrating motor complexes in stomach and small bowel using wireless motility capsule and antroduodenal manometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22292793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Assessment of phase III MMC is often not performed due to the invasive nature of antroduodenal manometry used to detect it. The aim of the study was to evaluate the ability of wireless motility capsule (WMC) to detect phase III MMC and correlate it with the simultaneous measurements by antroduodenal manometry (ADM). Methods  Eighteen patients underwent simultaneous ADM and WMC. MMCs were identified first on ADM and then correlated with WMC events occurring simultaneously. Frequency of contractions per min, AUC, MI, and criteria for amplitude thresholds of contractions representing MCCs on WMC tracings were defined. Key Results  In 18 patients, a total of 29 MMCs were recorded by ADM. WMC detected 86% of MMC events measured by ADM. Hundred percent (10/10) of MMCs in stomach were detected by WMC, whereas 79% (15/19) of MMCs were detected in SB. The sensitivity and specificity of WMC high amplitude contractions to represent phase III MMC were 90% and 71.8% in the stomach; 73.7% and 84.7% in SB, respectively, and negative predictive value was 99.9% in both regions. Conclusions & Inferences  Wireless motility capsule was able to detect the phase III MMCs as the high amplitude contractions with good fidelity. WMC does not detect the propagation of MMC. Using the pressure thresholds, WMC can detect high amplitude contraction representing phase III MMC with favorable sensitivity/specificity profile and 99.9% negative predictive value. This observation may have clinical significance, as the absence of high amplitude contractions recorded by WMC during fasting state suggests absence of MMCs.
Authors:
R Brun; W Michalek; B C Surjanhata; H P Parkman; J R Semler; B Kuo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Gastroenterology Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA Gastroenterology Section, Department of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA SmartPill Corporation, Buffalo, NY, USA.
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