Document Detail


Community-level and individual-level influences of intimate partner violence on birth spacing in sub-saharan Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22525908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: : To estimate the extent to which intimate partner violence (IPV), at the levels of the individual and the community, is associated with shortened interbirth intervals among women in sub-Saharan Africa.
METHODS: : We analyzed demographic and health survey data from 11 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Only multiparous women were included in the analysis. Interbirth interval was the primary outcome. Personal history of IPV was measured using a modified Conflict Tactics Scale. Community prevalence of IPV was measured as the proportion of women in each village reporting a personal history of IPV. We used multilevel modeling to account for the hierarchical structure of the data, allowing us to partition the variation in birth intervals to the four different levels (births, individuals, villages, and countries).
RESULTS: : Among the 46,697 women in the sample, 11,730 (25.1%) reported a personal history of physical violence and 4,935 (10.6%) reported a personal history of sexual violence. In the multivariable regression model, interbirth intervals were inversely associated with personal history of physical violence (regression coefficient b=-0.60, 95% confidence interval -0.91 to -0.28) and the community prevalence of physical violence (b=-1.41, 95% confidence interval -2.41 to -0.40). Estimated associations with sexual violence were of similar statistical significance and magnitude.
CONCLUSION: : Both personal history of IPV and the community prevalence of IPV have independent and statistically significant associations with shorter interbirth intervals.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: : II.
Authors:
Kristin J Hung; Jennifer Scott; Hope A Ricciotti; Timothy R Johnson; Alexander C Tsai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  119     ISSN:  1873-233X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  975-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; the Division of Women's Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative and the Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program,, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
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