Document Detail

Community level effects of gender inequality on intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy in Colombia: testing the feminist perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15748669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Violence against women, especially by intimate partners, is a serious public health problem that is associated with physical, reproductive, and mental health consequences. The effect of intimate partner violence on women's ability to control their fertility and the mechanisms through which these phenomena are related merit further investigation. Building on findings from a previous analysis in which a statistically significant relationship between intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy in Colombia was found, this analysis examines the effect of gender inequality on this association using data from the 2000 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. Specifically, the objective of this analysis is to explore whether gender inequality (as measured by women's autonomy, women's status, male patriarchal control, and intimate partner violence) in municipalities partially explains the association between intimate partner violence and unintended pregnancy in Colombia. Results of logistic regression analysis with multi-level data show that living in a municipality with high rates of male patriarchal control significantly increased women's odds of having an unintended pregnancy by almost four times. Also, living in a municipality with high rates of intimate partner violence increased one's odds of unintended pregnancy by more than 2.5 times, and non-abused women living in municipalities with high rates of intimate partner violence were at a significantly increased risk of unintended pregnancy. In addition, abused women living in a municipality with high personal female decision-making autonomy had more than a fourfold increased risk of having an unintended pregnancy. These findings demonstrate the need for reproductive health programs to target areas at particularly high risk for unintended pregnancy by reducing intimate partner violence and gender inequality.
Christina C Pallitto; Patricia O'Campo
Related Documents :
17184969 - The effectiveness of teratology information services (tis).
21735079 - Severe acute pancreatitis during pregnancy: eleven years experience from a surgical int...
24327999 - Clinical outcomes of vitrified-thawed embryo transfer using a pull and cut straw method.
11409479 - Pregnancy outcome and birth spacing among palestinian women between 1940 and 1989.
20701499 - Achieving continuous improvement in routine questioning about domestic violence with an...
12017909 - Lifetime and current abuse, pregnancy risks, and outcomes among native american women.
24707679 - Evaluation of the effects of maternal anxiety on the duration of vaginal labour delivery.
7618469 - Evaluation of the baby check score in emergency room.
20111969 - Fetotoxicity of warfarin anticoagulation.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-07     Completed Date:  2005-07-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2205-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Population and Family Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Battered Women*
Colombia / epidemiology
Domestic Violence / statistics & numerical data*
Family Characteristics
Family Planning Services
Health Surveys
Pregnancy, Unwanted*
Residence Characteristics*
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Social Class*
Women's Health Services

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  What girls need: recommendations for preventing violence among urban girls in the US.
Next Document:  Race and ethnic differences in determinants of preterm birth in the USA: broadening the social conte...