Document Detail


Community-level Socioeconomic Inequalities in Infants With Poor Fetal Growth in Western Australia, 1984 to 2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21421327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: This study describes social and racial inequalities in poor fetal growth in Western Australia between 1984 and 2006. METHODS: Multilevel multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate relative differences in fetal growth restriction between socioeconomic groups. Fetal growth restriction was defined as having a proportion of optimal birth weight corresponding to less than the 10th percentile for the population. Aboriginal (N = 50,395) and non-Aboriginal (N = 517,073) infants were analyzed separately. RESULTS: There has been an overall decrease in the rate of poor fetal growth during the last 23 years, with a plateau reached in recent years. Aboriginal infants were significantly more likely to have fetal growth restriction than non-Aboriginal infants and social inequalities increased over time, particularly among non-Aboriginal infants. After stratifying by Aboriginality and accounting for important parental sociodemographic characteristics, the community-level socioeconomic gradient remained. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the misleading nature of observing aggregated rates of poor fetal growth that mask increasing inequalities, and the importance of monitoring trends by social and racial characteristics. It also highlights the concerning finding that almost all improvements in poor fetal growth have occurred in the least disadvantaged communities, with almost no change in the most disadvantaged communities, which is likely to result in further increases in social and racial inequalities.
Authors:
Amanda T Langridge; Jianghong Li; Natasha Nassar; Fiona J Stanley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2585     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100013     Medline TA:  Ann Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.
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