Document Detail

Community exercise to prevent heart disease. How much should we advise?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1590642     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is international agreement that those in the community who are habitually active, either in work or in leisure, have a better coronary risk profile and a lower death rate from coronary heart disease (CHD). This agreement is usually translated into recommendations encouraging the population to perform regular aerobic exercise for 30 minutes thrice weekly. Such a policy is intrinsically costly, requiring detailed medical examination, exercise testing and exercise prescription. Such a policy may detect patients with asymptomatic CHD on the basis of silent myocardial ischaemia for whom there is no proven therapy. More often, exercise testing of asymptomatic "well" middle aged populations may well result in a large number of positive tests suggesting the existence of heart disease which is later proven by more expensive testing to be non existent. And finally, only a minority of the population actually exercises aerobically and this proportion falls with the ageing of the population. In summary, such a policy, whilst supported by observational data, is costly and ineffective. Review of the observational studies on physical activity or physical fitness reveals that most, but not all, of the studies show that any level of activity of fitness above basal is protective from CHD--in other words, there appears to be no threshold of activity or fitness for cardiovascular protection. Furthermore, there is a close relationship between the total amount of physical activity performed, the amount of higher intensity aerobic activity performed, and physical fitness. As such, it would appear that we could advise the community to increase the total amount of physical activity to achieve cardiovascular protection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
V M Jelinek
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0304-4602     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-23     Completed Date:  1992-06-23     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503289     Medline TA:  Ann Acad Med Singapore     Country:  SINGAPORE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiac Investigation Unit, St. Vincent's Hospital, Fitzory, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Community Health Services*
Coronary Disease / epidemiology,  mortality,  prevention & control*
Health Education
Physical Fitness
World Health

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