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Community based physiotherapeutic exercise in COPD self-management: A randomised controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20951018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Little is known about effects of community-based physiotherapeutic exercise programmes incorporated in COPD self-management programmes. In a randomised trial, the effect of such a programme (COPE-active) on exercise capacity and various secondary outcomes including daily activity as a marker of behaviour change was evaluated. All patients attended four 2-h self-management sessions. In addition the intervention group participated in the COPE-active programme offered by physiotherapists of private practices, consisting of a 6-month "compulsory" period (3 sessions/week) and subsequently a 5-month "optional" period (2 sessions/week). Because COPE-active was intended to change behaviour with regard to exercise, one session/week in both periods consisted of unsupervised home-based exercise training. Of 153 patients, 74 intervention and 68 control patients completed the one-year follow-up. Statistically significant between-group differences in incremental shuttle walk test-distance (35.1 m; 95% CI (8.4; 61.8)) and daily activity (1190 steps/day; 95% CI (256; 2125)) were found in favour of the intervention group. Over the 12-month period a significant difference of the chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ) dyspnoea-score (0.33 points; 95% CI (0.01; 0.64)) and a non-significant difference of the endurance shuttle walk test (135 m (95% CI (-29; 298)) was found. No differences were found in the other CRQ-components, anxiety and depression scores and percentage of fat free mass. This study demonstrates that a community-based reactivation programme improves exercise capacity in patients with moderately to severe COPD. Even more important, the programme improves actual daily activity after one-year which indicates behaviour change with regard to daily exercise. Registered trail number: ISRCTN81447311.
Tanja Effing; Gerhard Zielhuis; Huib Kerstjens; Paul van der Valk; Job van der Palen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory medicine     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1532-3064     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Med     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8908438     Medline TA:  Respir Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  418-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Medisch Spectrum Twente, Department of Pulmonology, Enschede, The Netherlands; Repatriation General Hospital, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Daw Park, South Australia, Australia.
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