Document Detail

Community-acquired pneumonia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8882544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Major changes have occurred in the epidemiology of community-acquired pneumonia recently. The emergence of new pathogens emphasises the need for continued vigilance in the diagnosis of pneumonia while changes in the microorganism or in the host have resulted in exciting new aspects of several old pathogens. Clinical and radiologic signs are unreliable in predicting the infecting organisms. Thus initial therapy is nearly always empiric. This approach often requires good clinical judgement and a knowledge of local epidemiological patterns in choosing an appropriate regimen. State-of-the-art invasive diagnostic procedures are usually reserved for pneumoniae that fail to resolve with initial treatment. Non-specific measures like stabilisation of underlying medical conditions, adequate nutrition and cessation of smoking or alcohol may help prevent the development of community-acquired pneumonia. On a larger scale, influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations are cost-effective preventive measures.
K C Ong; P Eng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Singapore medical journal     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0037-5675     ISO Abbreviation:  Singapore Med J     Publication Date:  1995 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-11     Completed Date:  1996-12-11     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404516     Medline TA:  Singapore Med J     Country:  SINGAPORE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  539-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Singapore General Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Community-Acquired Infections / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  etiology,  prevention & control
Middle Aged
Pneumonia* / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  etiology,  prevention & control
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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