Document Detail

A community-wide study of malaria reduction: evaluating efficacy and user-acceptance of a low-cost repellent in northern Ghana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23249683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
NO MAS (NM) mosquito repellent was evaluated in two farming villages (4 km apart) in the Kassena Nankana district of northern Ghana. We determined its efficacy against local malaria vectors, degree of user acceptance, and its effect on malaria prevalence in households using insecticide-treated bed nets. The average protective efficacy of NM against Anopheles mosquitoes over 9 hours was 89.6%. Controls averaged 86 bites/person/night versus 9 bites/person/night with the use of NM. Use of repellent was associated with a decrease of absolute malaria prevalence by 19.2% in the repellent village and by 6.5% in the control village (45.5 to 26.3, and 29.5 to 23.0, respectively). The user-acceptance rate of NM repellent was 96.1%. Ten percent (10%) of repellent users reported irritation as the main adverse effect during the period. Eighty-five percent (85%) of the users found the odor of NM appealing and 87% reported no inconvenience in applying the repellent daily.
Samuel Dadzie; Daniel Boakye; Victor Asoala; Kwadwo Koram; Anthony Kiszewski; Maxwell Appawu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-12-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  88     ISSN:  1476-1645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-07     Completed Date:  2013-04-01     Revised Date:  2014-02-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-14     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anopheles / drug effects
Ghana / epidemiology
Insect Repellents*
Insect Vectors
Insecticide-Treated Bednets / utilization*
Malaria / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Mosquito Control / methods*
Rural Health
Rural Population
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insect Repellents; 0/Insecticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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