Document Detail


Communicative function demonstration induces kind-based artifact representation in preverbal infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20605019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Human infants grow up in environments populated by artifacts. In order to acquire knowledge about different kinds of human-made objects, children have to be able to focus on the information that is most relevant for sorting artifacts into categories. Traditional theories emphasize the role of superficial, perceptual features in object categorization. In the case of artifacts, however, it is possible that abstract, non-obvious properties, like functions, may form the basis of artifact kind representations from an early age. Using an object individuation paradigm we addressed the question whether non-verbal communicative demonstration of the functional use of artifacts makes young infants represent such objects in terms of their kinds. When two different functions were sequentially demonstrated on two novel objects as they emerged one-by-one from behind a screen, 10-month-old infants inferred the presence of two objects behind the occluder. We further show that both the presence of communicative signals and causal intervention are necessary for 10-month-olds to generate such a numerical expectation. We also found that communicative demonstration of two different functions of a single artifact generated the illusion of the presence of two objects. This suggests that information on artifact function was used as an indicator of kind membership, and infants expected one specific function to define one specific artifact kind. Thus, contrary to previous accounts, preverbal infants' specific sensitivity to object function underlies, guides, and supports their learning about artifacts.
Authors:
Judit Futó; Erno Téglás; Gergely Csibra; György Gergely
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-06     Completed Date:  2011-01-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Cognitive Development Center, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary. jdtfuto@gmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Artifacts
Child Development / physiology
Communication*
Female
Form Perception / physiology
Humans
Infant
Male
Photic Stimulation
Verbal Behavior / physiology*

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