Document Detail


Communication, listening, cognitive and speech perception skills in children with auditory processing disorder (APD) or Specific Language Impairment (SLI).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20689032     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Parental reports of communication, listening, and behavior in children receiving a clinical diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI) or auditory processing disorder (APD) were compared with direct tests of intelligence, memory, language, phonology, literacy, and speech intelligibility. The primary aim was to identify whether there were differences between these characteristics in children with SLI or APD.
METHOD: Normally hearing children who were clinically diagnosed with SLI (n = 22) or APD (n = 19), and a quasirandom sample of mainstream school (MS) children (n = 47) aged 6-13 years, underwent tests of verbal and nonverbal IQ, digit span, nonsense word repetition, Spoonerisms, reading, grammar, and sentence and VCV nonword intelligibility. Parents completed questionnaires on the children's communication, listening, and behavior.
RESULTS: There was generally no difference between the performance of the children with SLI and the children with APD on the questionnaire and test measures, and both groups consistently and significantly underperformed compared with the children in the MS group. Speech intelligibility in both noise and quiet was unimpaired in the SLI and APD groups.
CONCLUSION: Despite clinical diagnoses of SLI or APD, the 2 groups of children had very similar behavioral and parental report profiles, suggesting that the children were differentially diagnosed based on their referral route rather than on actual differences.
Authors:
Melanie A Ferguson; Rebecca L Hall; Alison Riley; David R Moore
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1558-9102     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  2011-05-26     Revised Date:  2014-02-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705610     Medline TA:  J Speech Lang Hear Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Audiometry, Pure-Tone
Auditory Perceptual Disorders / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Child
Cognition / physiology
Communication
Comorbidity
Female
Hearing / physiology
Humans
Intelligence Tests
Language Development Disorders / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Language Tests
Linguistics
Male
Memory / physiology
Phonetics
Questionnaires
Speech Discrimination Tests
Speech Intelligibility
Speech Perception / physiology*
Verbal Behavior
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MC_U135097130//Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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