Document Detail


Common problems in endurance athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17695568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Endurance athletes alternate periods of intensive physical training with periods of rest and recovery to improve performance. An imbalance caused by overly intensive training and inadequate recovery leads to a breakdown in tissue reparative mechanisms and eventually to overuse injuries. Tendon overuse injury is degenerative rather than inflammatory. Tendinopathy is often slow to resolve and responds inconsistently to anti-inflammatory agents. Common overuse injuries in runners and other endurance athletes include patellofemoral pain syndrome, iliotibial band friction syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, Achilles tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis, and lower extremity stress fractures. These injuries are treated with relative rest, usually accompanied by a rehabilitative exercise program. Cyclists may benefit from evaluation on their bicycles and subsequent adjustment of seat height, cycling position, or pedal system. Endurance athletes also are susceptible to exercise-associated medical conditions, including exercise-induced asthma, exercise-associated collapse, and overtraining syndrome. These conditions are treatable or preventable with appropriate medical intervention. Dilutional hyponatremia is increasingly encountered in athletes participating in marathons and triathlons. This condition is related to overhydration with hypotonic fluids and may be preventable with guidance on appropriate fluid intake during competition.
Authors:
David D Cosca; Franco Navazio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American family physician     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0002-838X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Fam Physician     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-15     Completed Date:  2007-08-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1272646     Medline TA:  Am Fam Physician     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-44     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of California Davis, Sports Medicine Program, Sacramento, California 95816, USA. david.cosca@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / etiology*,  prevention & control
Athletic Injuries / etiology*,  prevention & control
Humans
Hyponatremia / etiology*,  prevention & control
Pain / etiology*,  prevention & control
Physical Endurance*
Prognosis
Risk Factors
Shock / etiology*,  prevention & control
Sports*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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