Document Detail

Common ocular surface disorders in patients in intensive care units.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22330057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Ocular surface disorders are frequently encountered in patients in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Because of significant impairment of major organs, treatment is focused on the management of organ failures. Therefore, ophthalmological complications are frequently overlooked in this setting. To identify the types and frequencies of ocular surface disorders reported in patients in ICUs, a literature review using the keywords: Intensive Care; Eye care; ICU; ITU; Ophthalmological disorders; Eye disorders was performed. The databases of CINAHL, PUBMED, EMBASE and COCHRANE library were searched. The higher quality papers are summarized in tables with statements of methodology to clarify the level of evidence. The most prevalent ocular disorders identified in ICU patients were exposure keratopathy (3.6% to 60%), chemosis (9% to 80%), and microbial keratitis. Of the various eye care measures that have been advocated to prevent exposure keratopathy, the most effective is the application of moisture chambers or polyethylene covers. Early diagnosis and effective treatment will help to prevent microbial keratitis and visual loss.
Andre Grixti; Maziar Sadri; Jonathan Edgar; Amit Vikram Datta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  The ocular surface     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1542-0124     ISO Abbreviation:  Ocul Surf     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101156063     Medline TA:  Ocul Surf     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Ophthalmology, Arrowe Park Hospital, Wirral, United Kingdom.
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