Document Detail

Common and country-specific dietary patterns in four European cohort studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14652380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association between diet and cancer, predominantly investigated univariately, has often been inconsistent, possibly because of the large number of candidate risk factors and their high intercorrelations. Analysis of dietary patterns is expected to give more insight than analysis of single nutrients or foods. This study aimed to develop and apply a common methodological approach to determine dietary patterns in four cohort studies originating in Finland, the Netherlands, Sweden and Italy. Food items on each of the food frequency questionnaires were aggregated into 51 food groups, defined on the basis of their position in the diet pattern and possible relevance to cancer etiology. Exploratory factor analysis was used to analyze dietary patterns. Using a standardized approach, 3-5 stable dietary patterns were identified, explaining 20-29% of total variance in consumption of the food groups. Two dietary patterns, which explained most of the variance, were consistent across the studies. The first pattern was characterized by high consumption of (salad) vegetables, the second by high consumption of pork, processed meat and potatoes. In addition, a few specifically national food patterns were identified. Sensitivity analyses showed that the identified patterns were robust for number of factors extracted, distribution of input variables and energy adjustment. Our findings suggest that some important eating patterns are shared by the four populations under study, whereas other eating patterns are population specific.
Helena F Balder; Mikko Virtanen; Henny A M Brants; Vittorio Krogh; L Beth Dixon; Frans Tan; Satu Mannisto; Rino Bellocco; Pirjo Pietinen; Alicja Wolk; Franco Berrino; Piet A Van den Brandt; Anne M Hartman; R Alexandra Goldbohm
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  133     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-03     Completed Date:  2004-01-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4246-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutritional Epidemiology, TNO Nutrition and Food Research, Zeist, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Food Habits*
Meat Products
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical
Principal Component Analysis
Prospective Studies
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Solanum tuberosum

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