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Commercially available amino acid supplementation of low-protein diets for broiler chickens with different ratios of digestible glycine+serine:lysine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23155025     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This work studied the effect of supplementing commercially available amino acids in low-protein diets using different ratios of digestible (dig) glycine+serine:lysine (Gly+Ser:Lys) on performance, serum parameters, feathering, and litter characteristics of broiler chickens during the starter period. A total of one thousand fifty 1-d-old Cobb-Vantress male chicks were distributed in a completely randomized experimental design into 6 treatments with 5 replicates of 35 birds each. The treatments were as follows: T1, control diet based on corn and soybean meal formulated with 22% CP (dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratio of 147); T2, diet with a 2% CP reduction, supplemented with Val (dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratio of 137); T3, similar to T2 with the addition of Gly (dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratio of 147); T4, diet with a 3% CP reduction, supplemented with Val, Ile, and Arg (dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratio of 127); and T5 and T6, similar to T4 with the addition of Gly (dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratios of 137 and 147, respectively). At 7 and 21 d, broilers that had received diets with a 3% CP reduction (19% CP) and a Gly+Ser:Lys ratio that was equivalent to 127 had lower G:F (P < 0.05) and lower total protein and albumin serum concentrations (P < 0.05) than those broilers that received the control feed. However, these parameters were restored to the same level as the control diet with an increase in the dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratio from 127 to 137 and 147. Diets with a 3% CP reduction (19% CP) resulted in litter with reduced (P < 0.05) nitrogen content and lower ammonia emission than the litter of broilers receiving the control diet. The treatments did not influence (P > 0.05) the feather length or feathering scores at 21 or 28 d of age. The supplementation of essential amino acids while maintaining dig Gly+Ser:Lys ratios at and above 137 allowed for a reduction in the dietary CP of 3% without undermining the performance, feathering or serum parameters of early stage broilers.
I C Ospina-Rojas; A E Murakami; C Eyng; R V Nunes; C R A Duarte; M D Vargas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3148-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Av. Colombo, 5790 Bloco j45, Maringá, Paraná, 87020-900, Brazil; and.
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