Document Detail

Combined use of an epidural cooling catheter and systemic moderate hypothermia enhances spinal cord protection against ischemic injury in rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23246054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Epidural placement of a cooling catheter can protect against ischemic spinal cord injury. With the use of rabbits, we investigated whether this epidural cooling technique, when combined with systemic moderate hypothermia, can protect the spinal cord against ischemic metabolic stress. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits (n = 28) were assigned to 1 of 4 different groups. Animals underwent abdominal aortic occlusion for 30 minutes using a 3F balloon catheter. Group 1 (n = 7) underwent epidural cooling by the catheter and systemic moderate hypothermia (35°C) induced with a cooling blanket. Group 2 (n = 7) underwent epidural cooling under systemic normothermia (38.5°C). Group 3 (n = 7) underwent systemic moderate hypothermia (35°C) without epidural cooling. Group 4 (n = 7) underwent neither epidural nor blanket cooling as a negative control. Neurologic status of their hind limbs was graded according to the modified Tarlov scale at 1, 2, and 7 days after surgery. RESULTS: During infrarenal aortic ischemia, epidural temperature was significantly lower in group 1 (18.5°C ± 0.8°C) than in group 2 (28.6°C ± 1.0°C; P = .0001), group 3 (34.2°C ± 0.06°C; P = .0001), or group 4 (38.5°C ± 0.2°C; P = .0001). Hind limb function recovery was greater in group 1 (mean Tarlov score, 4.9 ± 0.057) than in group 2 (2.6 ± 0.3; P = .0028), group 3 (2.1 ± 0.34; P = .0088), or group 4 (0.0 ± 0.0; P = .0003). CONCLUSIONS: Epidural cooling catheter combined with systemic moderate hypothermia produced additive cooling ability and protected the spinal cord against ischemia in rabbits more effectively than either intervention alone.
Shinya Inoue; Atsuo Mori; Hideyuki Shimizu; Akihiro Yoshitake; Ryoichi Tashiro; Nobuyuki Kabei; Ryohei Yozu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:
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