Document Detail

Combined presence of aortic valve calcification and mitral annular calcification as a marker of the extent and vulnerable characteristics of coronary artery plaque assessed by 64-multidetector computed tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20869714     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association of aortic valve calcification (AVC) and mitral annular calcification (MAC) to coronary atherosclerosis using 64-multidetector computed tomography (MDCT).
BACKGROUND: Valvular calcification is considered a manifestation of atherosclerosis. The impact of multiple heart valve calcium deposits on the distribution and characteristics of coronary plaque is unknown.
METHODS: We evaluated 322 patients referred for 64-MDCT, and assessed valvular calcification and the extent of calcified (CAP), mixed (MCAP), and noncalcified coronary atherosclerotic plaque (NCAP) in accordance with the 17-coronary segments model. We assessed the vulnerable characteristics of coronary plaque with positive remodeling, low-density plaque (CT density ≤38 Hounsfield units), and the presence of adjacent spotty calcification.
RESULTS: In 49 patients with both AVC and MAC, the segment numbers of CAP and MCAP were larger than in those with a lack of valvular calcification and an isolated AVC (p<0.001 for both). Multivariate analyses revealed that a combined presence of AVC and MAC was independently associated with the presence (odds ratio [OR] 9.36, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 1.55-56.53, p=0.015) and extent (β-estimate 1.86, p<0.001) of overall coronary plaque. When stratified by plaque composition, it was associated with the extent of CAP (β-estimate 1.77, p<0.001) and MCAP (β-estimate 1.04, p<0.001), but not with NCAP. Moreover, it was also related to the presence of coronary plaque with all three vulnerable characteristics (OR 4.87, 95%CI 1.85-12.83, p=0.001).
CONCLUSION: The combined presence of AVC and MAC is highly associated with the presence, extent, and vulnerable characteristics of coronary plaque identified by 64-MDCT.
Hiroto Utsunomiya; Hideya Yamamoto; Eiji Kunita; Toshiro Kitagawa; Norihiko Ohashi; Toshiharu Oka; Ryo Yamazato; Jun Horiguchi; Yasuki Kihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  213     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  Atherosclerosis     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  166-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.
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