Document Detail

Combined ACL reconstruction and closing-wedge HTO for varus angulated ACL-deficient knees.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23354169     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: To report the medium-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of a group of patients who underwent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery combined with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for varus-related early medial osteoarthritis (OA) and ACL deficiency knee. METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent single-bundle over-the-top ACL reconstruction or revision surgery and a concomitant closing-wedge lateral HTO. The mean age at surgery was 40.1 ± 8.1 years. Evaluation at a mean of 6.5 ± 2.7 years of follow-up consisted of subjective and objective IKDC, Tegner Activity Level, EQ-5D, VAS for pain and AP laxity assessment with KT-1000 arthrometer. Limb alignment and OA changes were evaluated on radiographs. RESULTS: All scores significantly improved from pre-operative status to final follow-up. KT-1000 evaluation showed a mean side-to-side difference of 2.2 ± 1.0 mm. Two patients were considered as failures. The mean correction of the limb alignment was 5.6° ± 2.8°. Posterior tibial slope decreased at a mean of 1.2° ± 0.9°. At final follow-up, the mechanical axes crossed the medial-lateral length of tibial plateau at a mean of 56 ± 23 %, with only 1 patient (3 %) presenting severe varus alignment. OA progression was recorded only on the medial compartment (p = 0.0230), with severe medial OA in 22 % of the patients. No patients underwent osteotomy revision, ACL revision, UKA or TKA. CONCLUSIONS: The described technique allowed patients with medial OA, varus alignment and chronic ACL deficiency to restore knee laxity, correct alignment and resume a recreational level of activity at 6.5 years of follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Case series with no comparison group, Level IV.
Stefano Zaffagnini; Tommaso Bonanzinga; Alberto Grassi; Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli; Costanza Musiani; Federico Raggi; Francesco Iacono; Vittorio Vaccari; Maurilio Marcacci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Clinica Ortopedica e Traumatologica II, Laboratorio di Biomeccanica ed Innovazione Tecnologica, Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via di Barbiano, 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy,
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