Document Detail


Combinations of mutant FAD2 and FAD3 genes to produce high oleic acid and low linolenic acid soybean oil.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22476873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High oleic acid soybeans were produced by combining mutant FAD2-1A and FAD2-1B genes. Despite having a high oleic acid content, the linolenic acid content of these soybeans was in the range of 4-6 %, which may be high enough to cause oxidative instability of the oil. Therefore, a study was conducted to incorporate one or two mutant FAD3 genes into the high oleic acid background to further reduce the linolenic acid content. As a result, soybean lines with high oleic acid and low linolenic acid (HOLL) content were produced using different sources of mutant FAD2-1A genes. While oleic acid content of these HOLL lines was stable across two testing environments, the reduction of linolenic acid content varied depending on the number of mutant FAD3 genes combined with mutant FAD2-1 genes, on the severity of mutation in the FAD2-1A gene, and on the testing environment. Combination of two mutant FAD2-1 genes and one mutant FAD3 gene resulted in less than 2 % linolenic acid content in Portageville, Missouri (MO) while four mutant genes were needed to achieve the same linolenic acid in Columbia, MO. This study generated non-transgenic soybeans with the highest oleic acid content and lowest linolenic acid content reported to date, offering a unique alternative to produce a fatty acid profile similar to olive oil.
Authors:
Anh-Tung Pham; J Grover Shannon; Kristin D Bilyeu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2242     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0145600     Medline TA:  Theor Appl Genet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, 110 Waters Hall, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA.
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