Document Detail

Combination of the somatic cell nuclear transfer method and RNAi technology for the production of a prion gene-knockdown calf using plasmid vectors harboring the U6 or tRNA promoter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21084838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
By combining RNAi technology with SCNT method, we attempted to produce transgenic calves with knocked down bPRNP for technological assessments. The respective utilities of type II (tRNA) and type III (hU6) Pol III promoters in mediating plasmid vector-based RNAi for the production of a bPRNP-knockdown calf were compared. Plasmid harboring DNA for siRNA expression was introduced stably into the genome of primary cultured bovine cells. By inserting the transgenic cell into an enucleated bovine egg, SCNT embryos were produced. The ability for SCNT embryos to develop to blastocysts was higher in hU6 based vector groups (44-53%) than in a tRNA group (32%). In all, 30 hU6-embryos and 12 tRNA-embryos were transferred to 11 recipients. Only tRNA-embryos were able to impregnate recipients (6 out of 11 transfers), resulting in four aborted fetuses, one stillbirth, and one live-born calf. The expression of EGFP, a marker, was detected in all six. The bPRNP transcript levels in the nervous tissues (brain, cerebellum, spinal bulb, and spinal cord) from the calf, which was killed 20 days after birth, were reduced to 35% of those of the control calf on average, as determined by qRT-PCR. The PrPC levels, as estimated by western blot were reduced to 86% on average in the nervous tissues. These findings suggest that SCNT technology remains immature, that the tRNA promoter is useful, and that RNAi can significantly reduce PRNP mRNA levels, but insufficient reduction of PrPC levels exists in cattle under these conditions.
Pimprapar Wongsrikeao; Shizuyo Sutou; Miho Kunishi; Ya Juan Dong; Xuejin Bai; Takeshige Otoi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-01-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prion     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1933-690X     ISO Abbreviation:  Prion     Publication Date:    2011 Jan-Mar
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-19     Completed Date:  2011-06-21     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101472305     Medline TA:  Prion     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Animal Reproduction, The United Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Genetically Modified
Cell Nucleus / genetics,  metabolism
Gene Knockdown Techniques*
Genetic Vectors / genetics*
Nuclear Transfer Techniques*
Plasmids / genetics
Prions / genetics*,  metabolism
Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics*
RNA Interference*
RNA, Small Nuclear / genetics
RNA, Transfer / genetics*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prions; 0/RNA, Small Nuclear; 0/U6 small nuclear RNA; 9014-25-9/RNA, Transfer

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