Document Detail


Combination of droperidol and ondansetron reduces PONV after pediatric strabismus surgery more than single drug therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11421836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Pediatric strabismus surgery is associated with a very high incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting [(PONV) 44-88%]. Droperidol (10-75 microg kg(-1)) and ondansetron (50-150 microg kg(-1)) have shown variable success in reducing the incidence and severity of PONV. Combination of these two drugs has shown promising results. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of these two drugs in reducing the incidence and severity of PONV in pediatric strabismus surgery. METHODS: After institutional approval and parental informed consent, 240 children of ASA physical status I and II of either sex, aged 1-15 years were included in this study. None of the children received any premedication and a standardized anesthesia technique was used for all the children. They were prospectively randomized to one of the four treatment groups. Group PP received normal saline placebo intravenously after induction and at the end of the procedure. Group DP received droperidol 25 microg kg(-1) after induction and normal saline at the end. Group OP received ondansetron 150 microg kg(-1) after induction and saline at the end. Group DO received droperidol 15 microg kg(-1) after induction and ondansetron 100 microg kg(-1) at the end. RESULTS: Combination prophylaxis resulted in a lower incidence of PONV (13%) as compared to placebo (62.5%, P<0.001), ondansetron (37%, P<0.001), or droperidol (32%, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Droperidol 15 microg kg(-1) in combination with ondansetron 100 microg kg(-1), administered at the induction and end of the operative procedure respectively, is more effective than either drug given individually in reducing the incidence of PONV after strabismus surgery.
Authors:
D Shende; N Bharti; S Kathirvel; R Madan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-25     Completed Date:  2001-09-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  756-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, A.I.I.M.S., Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Anesthesia, Inhalation
Antiemetics / therapeutic use*
Child
Child, Preschool
Double-Blind Method
Droperidol / therapeutic use*
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Ondansetron / therapeutic use*
Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures*
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting / prevention & control*
Strabismus / surgery*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antiemetics; 548-73-2/Droperidol; 99614-02-5/Ondansetron

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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