Document Detail

Combination of clinical factors predictive of growth of small choroidal melanocytic tumors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10721958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To better define the effect of individual risk factors and combinations thereof on the growth of small choroidal melanocytic tumors. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Clinical practice of ocular oncology. PATIENTS: The study included 1287 patients with small suspicious choroidal melanocytic tumors, measuring 3 mm or less in thickness, managed with observation. RESULTS: On multivariate analysis, the clinical risk factors predictive of growth of small choroidal melanocytic tumors include tumor thickness greater than 2.0 mm, posterior tumor margin touching the disc, visual symptoms, orange pigment, and subretinal fluid. Tumor growth was detected in 4% of those patients with no risk factors. Growth was detected in approximately 36% of patients with 1 risk factor, 45% of patients with 2 risk factors, 50% of patients with 3 risk factors, 51% of patients with 4 risk factors, and 56% of patients with all 5 risk factors. The combination of risk factors offering the greatest risk for growth was tumor thickness greater than 2.0 mm, tumor margin touching disc, and subretinal fluid that was associated with tumor growth in 63% of the affected patients. The relative risk for growth was 1.9 for 1 factor, 3.8 for 2 factors, 7.4 for 3 factors, 14.1 for 4 factors, and 27.1 for all 5 risk factors combined. CONCLUSIONS: Five risk factors for growth of small choroidal melanocytic tumors have been identified. The combinations of various factors increase the risk for tumor growth from 4% if no factors are present to more than 50% if 3 or more risk factors are present. These factors may be important when counseling patients with small suspicious choroidal melanocytic tumors.
C L Shields; J Cater; J A Shields; A D Singh; M C Santos; C Carvalho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of ophthalmology     Volume:  118     ISSN:  0003-9950     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-20     Completed Date:  2000-03-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706534     Medline TA:  Arch Ophthalmol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  360-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Choroid Neoplasms / pathology*
Fundus Oculi
Melanocytes / pathology*
Melanoma / pathology*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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