Document Detail

Combination of bupivacaine scalp circuit infiltration with general anesthesia to control the hemodynamic response in craniotomy patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10399517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Sudden and overwhelming increases in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) during incision of the scalp may give rise to morbidity or mortality in patients with intracranial pathology undergoing neurosurgery. A modification of the method proposed by Labat to abate this circumstantiality was applied in a group of patients receiving craniotomy. The modified method was to combine scalp circuit infiltration of local anesthetic with general anesthesia to control the hemodynamic response to craniotomy.
METHODS: Twenty-six patients scheduled to undergo craniotomy were randomly divided into two groups. Patients whose conditions or their current medication that might affect the stability of hemodynamics were excluded. In group A patients (N = 16) 25-30 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine was used for scalp circuit infiltration on the operation side, while in those of group B (N = 10) the same volume of 0.9% normal saline was used. After induction, anesthesia was maintained with 0.6% to 1.2% end-tidal isoflurane (ET-Iso) and 50% N2O in oxygen (N2O:O2 = 2 l/min:2 l/min). The end-tidal CO2 was kept within the range of 25-30 mmHg. BP and HR were recorded every five min before incision and then every two min after incision until one hour after induction. ET-Iso was also recorded every two min throughout a period of sixty min. If the BP and HR increased above 20% of the baseline (10 min before incision), thiopental 2.5 mg/kg and fentanyl 2 micrograms/kg were administered. If hypertension became sustained, the isoflurane concentration was adjusted until an acceptable level was obtained.
RESULTS: The mean BP during the surgery was 92 +/- 1 mmHg in group A and 92 +/- 7 mmHg in group B. The difference in BP between incision to 6 min after incision was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The mean HR during surgery was 101 +/- 5 beats/min in group B and 91 +/- 2 beats/min in group A, the difference of which was not statistically significant. All of the patients in group B required a deepened anesthesia to keep the BP and HR within the normal range, but no patient in group A had such need. The average concentration of ET-Iso during the 60 min period was 0.95 +/- 0.12% in group B and 0.41 +/- 0.01% in group A, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that scalp circuit infiltration with 0.25% bupivacaine significantly improved the cardiovascular stability and reduced the requirement of isoflurane during craniotomy. The routine use of bupivacaine scalp circuit infiltration in patients undergoing craniotomy should be considered.
J M Shiau; T Y Chen; C C Tseng; P J Chang; Y C Tsai; C L Chang; C G Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Sinica     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0254-1319     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol. Sin.     Publication Date:  1998 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-22     Completed Date:  1999-07-22     Revised Date:  2014-07-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432542     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Sin     Country:  CHINA (REPUBLIC: 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, General*
Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage*
Bupivacaine / administration & dosage*
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; Y8335394RO/Bupivacaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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