Document Detail


Combination of Intravenous Ascorbic Acid Administration and Hypothermia After Resuscitation Improves Myocardial Function and Survival in a Ventricular Fibrillation Cardiac Arrest Model in the Rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24628750     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Intravenous (IV) administration of ascorbic acid during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was reported to facilitate defibrillation and improves survival in ventricular fibrillation (VF) cardiac arrest. We investigated whether IV administration of ascorbic acid after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) can improve outcomes in VF cardiac arrest in a rat model and its interaction with therapeutic hypothermia.
METHODS: Ventricular fibrillation-induced cardiac arrest followed by CPR and defibrillation was performed in male Wistar rats. After ROSC, the animals were equally randomized to the normothermia (NormoT), hypothermia (HypoT), ascorbic acid (AA+NormoT), and ascorbic acid plus hypothermia (AA+HypoT) groups. The AA+NormoT and AA+HypoT groups received IV ascorbic acid (100 mg/kg). In the HypoT and AA+HypoT groups, therapeutic hypothermia was maintained at 32°C for 2 hours.
RESULTS: There were 12 rats in each group. Within 4 hours after ROSC, the HypoT, AA+NormoT, and AA+HypoT groups had significantly lower myocardial lipid peroxidation than the NormoT group. Within 4 hours following ROSC, the AA+NormoT group had a significantly better systolic function (dp/dt40 ) than the NormoT group (6887.9 mm Hg/sec, SD ± 1049.7 mm Hg/sec vs. 5953.6 mm Hg/sec, SD ± 1161.9 mm Hg/sec; p < 0.05). The AA+HypoT group also showed a significantly better diastolic function (-dp/dtmax ) than the HypoT group (dp/dt40 : 8524.8, SD ± 1166.7 mm Hg/sec vs. 7399.8 mm Hg/sec, SD ± 1114.5 mmHg/sec; dp/dtmax : -8183.4 mm Hg/sec, SD ± 1359.0 mm Hg/sec vs. -6573.7 mm Hg/sec, SD ± 1110.9 mm Hg/sec; p < 0.05) at the fourth hour following ROSC. Also at 4 hours, there was less myocytolysis in the HypoT, AA+NormoT, and AA+HypoT groups than the NormoT group. The HypoT, AA+NormoT, and AA+HypoT groups had significantly better survival rates and neurologic outcomes than the NormoT group. Compared with only five surviving animals in the NormoT group, there were nine, eight, and 10 in the HypoT, AA+NormoT, and AA+HypoT groups, respectively, with good neurologic outcomes at 72 hours.
CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous ascorbic acid administration after ROSC in normothermia may mitigate myocardial damage and improve systolic function, survival rate, and neurologic outcomes in VF cardiac arrest of rat. Combination of ascorbic acid and hypothermia showed an additive effect in improving both systolic and diastolic functions after ROSC.
Authors:
Min-Shan Tsai; Chien-Hua Huang; Chia-Ying Tsai; Huei-Wen Chen; Hsaio-Ju Cheng; Chiung-Yuan Hsu; Wei-Tien Chang; Wen-Jone Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1553-2712     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Emerg Med     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418450     Medline TA:  Acad Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  257-265     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.
Vernacular Title:
Hemorragia tras Mordedura de Serpiente en Pacientes en Tratamiento con Fármacos Antiagregantes o Anticoagulantes.
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