Document Detail

Colorectal mucosal histamine release by mucosa oxygenation in comparison with other established clinical tests in patients with gastrointestinally mediated allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16937442     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This study evaluated colorectal mucosal histamine release in response to blinded food challenge-positive and -negative food antigens as a new diagnostic procedure.
METHODS: 19 patients suffering from gastrointestinally mediated allergy confirmed by blinded oral provocation were investigated on grounds of their case history, skin prick tests, serum IgE detection and colorectal mucosal histamine release by ex vivo mucosa oxygenation. Intact tissue particles were incubated/stimulated in an oxygenated culture with different food antigens for 30 min. Specimens challenged with anti-human immunoglobulin E and without any stimulus served as positive and negative controls, respectively. Mucosal histamine release (% of total biopsy histamine content) was considered successful (positive), when the rate of histamine release from biopsies in response to antigens reached more than twice that of the spontaneous release. Histamine measurement was performed by radioimmunoassay.
RESULTS: The median (range) of spontaneous histamine release from colorectal mucosa was found to be 3.2 (0.1%-25.8%) of the total biopsy histamine content. Food antigens tolerated by oral provocation did not elicit mast cell degranulation 3.4 (0.4%-20.7%, P = 0.4), while anti-IgE and causative food allergens induced a significant histamine release of 5.4 (1.1%-25.6%, P = 0.04) and 8.1 (1.5%-57.9%, P = 0.008), respectively. 12 of 19 patients (63.1%) showed positive colorectal mucosal histamine release in accordance with the blinded oral challenge responding to the same antigen (s), while the specificity of the functional histamine release to accurately recognise tolerated foodstuffs was found to be 78.6%. In comparison with the outcome of blinded food challenge tests, sensitivity and specificity of history (30.8% and 57.1%), skin tests (47.4% and 78.6%) or antigen-specific serum IgE determinations (57.9% and 50%) were found to be of lower diagnostic accuracy in gastrointestinally mediated allergy.
CONCLUSION: Functional testing of the reactivity of colorectal mucosa upon antigenic stimulation in patients with gastrointestinally mediated allergy is of higher diagnostic efficacy.
M Raithel; M Weidenhiller; R Abel; H W Baenkler; E G Hahn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of gastroenterology : WJG     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1007-9327     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-28     Completed Date:  2006-09-21     Revised Date:  2014-09-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883448     Medline TA:  World J Gastroenterol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4699-705     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis*,  immunology,  metabolism
Gastrointestinal Tract / immunology*
Histamine / metabolism*
Immunoglobulin E / blood*
Immunologic Tests / methods
Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism*,  pathology
Middle Aged
Sensitivity and Specificity
Skin Tests / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E; 820484N8I3/Histamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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