Document Detail


Color-space distortions following long-term occupational exposure to mercury vapor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20883360     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Color vision was examined in subjects with long-term occupational exposure to mercury (Hg) vapor. The color vision impairment was assessed by employing a quantitative measure of distortion of individual and group perceptual color spaces. Hg subjects (n = 18; 42.1 ± 6.5 years old; exposure time = 10.4 ± 5.0 years; time away from the exposure source = 6.8 ± 4.6 years) and controls (n = 18; 46.1 ± 8.4 years old) were examined using two arrangement tests, D-15 and D-15d, in the traditional way, and also in a triadic procedure. From each subject's 'odd-one-out' choices, matrices of inter-cap subjective dissimilarities were derived and processed by non-metric multidimensional scaling (MDS). D-15d results differed significantly between the Hg-group and the control group (p < 0.05), with the impairment predominantly along the tritan axis. 2D perceptual color spaces, individual and group, were reconstructed, with the dimensions interpreted as the red-green (RG) and the blue-yellow (BY) systems. When color configurations from the Hg-group were compared to those of the controls, they presented more fluctuations along both chromatic dimensions, indicating a statistically significant difference along the BY axis. In conclusion, the present findings confirm that color vision impairments persist in subjects that have received long-term occupational exposure to Hg-vapor although, at the time of testing, they were presenting mean urinary concentration within the normal range for non-exposed individuals. Considering the advantages of the triadic procedure in clinical evaluation of acquired color vision deficiencies, further studies should attempt to verify and/or improve its efficacy.
Authors:
Claudia Feitosa-Santana; David L Bimler; Galina V Paramei; Nestor N Oiwa; Mirella T S Barboni; Marcelo F Costa; Luiz C L Silveira; Dora F Ventura
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic & physiological optics : the journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1475-1313     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208839     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Physiol Opt     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  724-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 The Authors, Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics © 2010 The College of Optometrists.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. claudia@feitosa-santana.com
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