Document Detail

Color perception under chromatic adaptation: equilibrium yellow and long-wavelength adaptation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7101764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Observers viewed a thin (0.8-1.3) annulus composed of a mixture of 540 and 660 nm monochromatic lights (denoted delta G and delta R, respectively). The annular mixture was superimposed upon a larger (2.7) 660 nm circular background field. The observer adjusted the radiance of either delta G or delta R so that the annulus appeared a perfect (i.e. neither reddish nor greenish) yellow. In the first experiment, the background and annulus both were presented steadily. The results showed that the background, varied over a range from 10 to 1000 td. always contributed less to the color appearance of the annular test area than would be expected from the simple admixture of lights. The second experiment examined the effect of briefly removing the background-field quanta during the period when the annulus was judged. After several minutes of adapting to the background, the background was momentarily extinguished for 1 sec once every 6 sec; the observer adjusted the radiance of delta R so that during the 1 sec period the continuously presented annular mixture appeared equilibrium yellow. With steady backgrounds, the delta G to delta R luminance ratio decreased with test annulus luminance; for judgments made while the background momentarily was extinguished, the luminance ratio generally increased with annulus luminance. All of the empirical observations can be accounted for quantitatively by a two-process theory of chromatic adaptation; in two processes are (1) gain changes and (2) a restoring signal that tends to drive back toward equilibrium the opponent response resulting from the adapting light. Results from a third experiment, in which the background-off interval was reduced from 1 sec to 500, 200 or 150 msec. also are consistent with this model.
S K Shevell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-09-10     Completed Date:  1982-09-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Ocular*
Color Perception*
Retina / physiology
Grant Support
5 S07 RR07029-14/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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