Document Detail

Color opponencies in the system of the uniform color scales of the Optical Society of America.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15139419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Many problems regarding color opponency are still unsolved. In this study the system of the uniform color scales of the Optical Society of America (OSA-UCS) is analyzed with the aim of obtaining answers to very general questions on color opponency. The perceptual color opponencies in the OSA-UCS system, represented by its coordinates (j, g), appear to work in a mutually interacting way. On the hypothesis that such an interaction is due to a linear mixing of a pair of independent opponent mechanisms with scales satisfying a proper Weber fraction, three chromatic opponency functions are derived, whose sum is equal to zero. These functions are the logarithms of the ratios of two tristimulus values in a proper reference frame (called the "main reference frame") and therefore are antisymmetric and zero-degree homogeneous functions of these tristimulus values. Any pair of these three functions is a set of two independent functions. A new formula for color opponency in the OSA-UCS system is derived in which the perceptual color opponencies (j, g) are written as products of the lightness by a proper linear mixing of any pair of the three chromatic opponency functions. All this is possible because the lattice of the OSA-UCS system is composed of geodesic lines.
Claudio Oleari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1084-7529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-13     Completed Date:  2004-06-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9800943     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  677-82     Citation Subset:  -    
Università degli Studi di Parma, Dipartimento di Fisica, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, Parco Area delle Scienze 7/A, I-43100 Parma, Italy.
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