Document Detail

Color memory and color constancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8828200     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Color constancy is the perceived stability of the color of objects despite changes in the light illuminating them. An object's color is considered constant if the current perceived color is judged to be in accord with the remembered one. Thus the accuracy and precision of color memory are fundamental to understanding this classic problem. Two hypotheses of color memory are tested here: (1) the photoreceptor hypothesis, which states that the color recalled from memory reproduces the light absorbed by each type of cone and (2) the surface-reflectance hypothesis, which states that the color recalled from memory is based on an inferred spectral reflectance of a surface that does not depend on the spectral distribution of the illuminant. In the experiments a test color is surrounded by either (i) a complex pattern composed of several colored patches or (ii) a uniform "gray" field at the chromaticity of the illuminant. In a control condition the test color is presented on a dark background. Long-term memory of the test color is measured in a production task begun 10 min after the end of the learning phase. In general, the results with a complex surround are consistent with the surface-reflectance hypothesis but not with the photoreceptor hypothesis. Color memory with the "gray" surround, on the other hand, shows a much stronger effect of the illuminant used during learning. These results are consistent with computational models of color constancy that require three or more chromaticities in view.
E W Jin; S K Shevell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1084-7529     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-09     Completed Date:  1996-12-09     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9800943     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1981-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Models, Biological
Photic Stimulation / methods
Photoreceptor Cells / physiology
Grant Support

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