Document Detail

Color flow Doppler mapping studies of "physiologic" pulmonary and tricuspid regurgitation: evidence for true regurgitation as opposed to a valve closing volume.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1760180     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Color flow Doppler mapping using either an Aloka 880 or a Toshiba SSH65A system was performed in 39 normal subjects (aged 13 to 45 years) and 43 patients (aged 13 to 82 years) with pathologic tricuspid or pulmonary regurgitation to evaluate the incidence of "physiologic" regurgitation of right heart valves and to determine the differentiating characteristics in the spatial distribution and velocity encoding of "normal" and "pathologic" regurgitant jets. In the normal subjects, tricuspid and pulmonary regurgitation were documented in 32 (83%) and 36 (93%), respectively, and were unrelated to the system being used. Flow acceleration and aliasing were imaged on the right ventricular side of the tricuspid regurgitant orifice and on the pulmonary artery side of the pulmonary valve (in both normal subjects and patients), and indicated flow convergence for true regurgitation through an orifice as opposed to blood being driven retrogradely by the closing valve. Such proximal acceleration was documented in all patients with pathologic tricuspid regurgitation, in 31/32 of the normal subjects with tricuspid regurgitation, and was also observed in 12/15 (80%) of the patients and 4/12 (33%) of normal subjects with pulmonary regurgitation who were examined with the Toshiba system. The dimensions (mean +/- SD) of tricuspid regurgitant jets (length [JL] and area [JA]) were consistently larger in the patients than in the normal subjects [JL: 3.4 +/- 0.9 vs 1.2 +/- 0.5 cm, p less than 0.001; and JA: 5.7 +/- 2.0 vs 1.4 +/- 0.7 cm2, p less than 0.001) as were the pulmonary regurgitation jet dimensions (JL: 1.8 +/- 0.4 vs 0.9 +/- 0.08 cm, p less than 0.001; JA: 1.8 +/- 0.7 vs 0.3 +/- 0.08 cm2, p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
B C Maciel; I A Simpson; L M Valdes-Cruz; F Recusani; B Hoit; N Dalton; R Weintraub; D J Sahn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0894-7317     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:    1991 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-02-12     Completed Date:  1992-02-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  589-97     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Diego.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Flow Velocity
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Valve / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*
Tricuspid Valve / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  ultrasonography*

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