Document Detail

Color constancy under natural and artificial illumination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8917757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Color constancy was studied under conditions simulating either natural or extremely artificial illumination. Four test illuminants were used: two broadband phases of daylight (correlated color temperatures 4000 and 25,000 K) and two spectrally impoverished metamers of these lights, each consisting of only two wavelengths. A computer controlled color monitor was used for reproducing the chromaticities and luminances of an array of Munsell color samples rendered under these illuminants. An asymmetric haploscopic matching paradigm was used in which the same stimulus pattern, either illuminated by one of the test illuminants, or by a standard broadband daylight (D65), was alternately presented to the left and right eye. Subjects adjusted the RGB settings of the samples seen under D65 (match condition), to match the appearance of the color samples seen under the test illuminant. The results show the expected failure of color constancy under two-wavelengths illumination, and approximate color constancy under natural illumination. Quantitative predictions of the results were made on the basis of two different models, a computational model for recovering surface reflectance, and a model that assumes the color response to be determined by cone-specific contrast and absolute level of stimulation (Lucassen & Walraven, 1993). The latter model was found to provide somewhat more accurate predictions, under all illuminant conditions.
M P Lucassen; J Walraven
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vision research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0042-6989     ISO Abbreviation:  Vision Res.     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-11     Completed Date:  1996-12-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417402     Medline TA:  Vision Res     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2699-711     Citation Subset:  IM    
TNO Human Factors Research Institute, Soesterberg, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception / physiology*
Models, Biological
Vision, Monocular

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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