Document Detail

Color and conspicuousness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7252614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The principle that things are easier to find if they contrast with their environment is expressed quantitatively. Two indices of conspicuousness, relative fixation rate and search time, are shown to be related to the color difference between the target and background objects. The color difference equations used are CIELAB, CIELUV, and the Judd modification of the index of fading. None of the equations is superior to the others. Furthermore, neither Judd's modification nor Semmelroth's adjustment accounts for effects of surround lightness. It is suggested that color difference be used as a tool for design and evaluation of visual displays, for construction of color codes to optimize search time, and as a generalization of chromatic contrast in psychophysical research.
E C Carter; R C Carter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Optical Society of America     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0030-3941     ISO Abbreviation:  J Opt Soc Am     Publication Date:  1981 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-09-15     Completed Date:  1981-09-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503097     Medline TA:  J Opt Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Color Perception*
Field Dependence-Independence*
Fixation, Ocular
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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