Document Detail

Color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) in the diagnosis of obstructive hydronephrosis in pregnant women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23455540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) accuracy of kidneys and bladder in the diagnosis and treatment of hydronephrosis and/or renal colic in pregnancies was evaluated. METHODS: Between January 2010 and September 2012, 234 pregnant women asymptomatic in 204 cases and with unilateral renal colic in 30 (median 26 years) were evaluated. A CDU of the urinary tract was performed using a sonograph GE Logiq 500 PRO with a multifrequency (3-5 MHz) convex probe. The following parameters were evaluated: resistive index (RI) of the arciform arteries of both kidneys and bilateral ureteric jets. A renal RI > 0.70 and/or a 10 % difference between the kidneys and an asymmetric and/or reduced ureteric jet from the ureteric orifices were considered as diagnostic of obstructive uropathy. RESULTS: Overall incidence of hydronephrosis was equal to 27 % (63 out 234 cases); the incidence of hydronephrosis, RI > 0.70 and abnormal ureteric jet in asymptomatic vs symptomatic pregnant women was equal to 30.9 vs 50 %, 16.1 vs 50 %, 3 vs 60 % (p < 0.05), respectively. In the 63 pregnancies with asymptomatic hydronephrosis RI and ureteric jet evaluation were abnormal in 39 (19.1 %) and 6 cases (3 %), respectively. In the 30 pregnancies with renal colic conventional ultrasound vs CDU, findings were abnormal in 15 (50 %) vs 20 (66.7 %) (p = 0.015) cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Color Doppler ultrasound in pregnancies with hydronephrosis and/or renal colic improves conventional ultrasound accuracy; in fact, CDU adds a functional evaluation of the urinary tract when combined with clinical findings allows performing the appropriate management.
Franco Pepe; Pietro Pepe
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Obstetric and Gynecologic Unit, Santo Bambino Hospital, Catania, Italy,
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