Document Detail

Colonoscopic findings in Kenyan African patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10493058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the types and prevalence of colonic diseases in Kenyan African patients referred for colonoscopy with lower gastrointestinal tract symptoms. DESIGN: A cross sectional survey conducted over a two year period. SETTING: Major private hospitals in Nairobi. PATIENTS: Two hundred forty seven consecutive patients of both sexes and all ages referred for colonoscopy between January 1996 and December 1997. Only Kenyans of African origin were included. Patients were referred from all over the country though the majority of cases were from Nairobi and its surrounding districts. RESULTS: The major indications for colonoscopy were lower abdominal pain (35.6%), non-bloody diarrhoea (22.3%), constipation (21.4%) and rectal bleeding (19.8%). Nearly 53% of patients colonoscoped had abnormal mucosal findings, with the main abnormalities being: proctocolitis (20.2%), colorectal cancers (12.1%), haemorrhoids (7.3%), colorectal polyps (6.5%) and diverticulosis (5.3%). The main histological diagnosis among patients whose colonic biopsy were done included normal colonic mucosa (29%), non-specific colitis (28.5%), adenocarcinoma (18.2%), benign colonic polyp (9.7%) and ulcerative colitis (7.3%). There was one case of Crohn's colitis and five cases (3%) of infective colitis. CONCLUSION: The study shows that the African colon has a number of pathological lesions contrary to previous reported literature.
E O Ogutu; F A Okoth; G N Lule
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  1998 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-07     Completed Date:  1999-10-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  KENYA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  540-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Colonic Diseases / epidemiology,  pathology*
Colonoscopy* / methods,  statistics & numerical data
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hospitals, Private
Hospitals, Urban
Kenya / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Referral and Consultation / statistics & numerical data
Sex Distribution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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