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Colonoscopic allergen provocation test with rBet v 1 in patients with pollen-associated food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22913618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: After consumption of fruits, nuts, and vegetables, several patients with pollen allergy experience gastrointestinal (GI) tract symptoms that are possibly caused by pollen-associated food allergy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the colonoscopic allergen provocation (COLAP) test using the recombinant birch pollen allergen Bet v 1 (rBet v 1) for in vivo diagnosis of pollen-associated food allergy manifesting in the GI tract. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with a history of adverse reactions to food, GI tract symptoms, and birch pollen pollinosis and five healthy controls underwent COLAP test. Twenty minutes after endoscopic challenge of the cecal mucosa with rBet v 1, the mucosal wheal and flare reaction was registered semiquantitatively, and tissue biopsy specimens were examined for eosinophil mucosal activation. RESULTS: The mucosal reaction to rBet v 1 was correlated with the presence of pollinosis (P = 0.004), history of adverse reaction to Bet v 1-associated food allergens (P = 0.001), and tissue eosinophils' activation (P < 0.001). A wheal and flare reaction in the COLAP test was observed in 13 of 16 patients (81%) with a history of GI tract symptoms associated with the ingestion of Bet v 1-related foods and in four of 18 (22%) patients with a negative history (P < 0.001). The control group did not develop visible mucosal reactions to rBet v 1. Systemic anaphylactic reactions did not occur. CONCLUSIONS: The mucosal administration of rBet v 1 by COLAP test provides a new diagnostic tool that might support the diagnosis of Bet v 1-associated food allergy manifesting in the GI tract.
Authors:
C N Pickert; A Lorentz; M P Manns; S C Bischoff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Allergy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1398-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Allergy     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804028     Medline TA:  Allergy     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
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