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Collection of Culicoides spp. with four light trap models during different seasons in the Balearic Islands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23507079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bluetongue (BT) is a viral disease that affects ruminants, being especially pathogenic in certain breeds of sheep. Its viral agent (bluetongue virus; BTV) is transmitted by several species of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Different models of suction light traps are being used in a number of countries for the collection of BTV vector species. To determine the relative effectiveness of different light traps under field conditions, four traps (Onderstepoort, Mini-CDC, Rieb and Pirbright) were compared. These traps were rotated between four sites on a cattle farm in Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) for several non-consecutive nights. Results showed remarkable disparities in the efficacy of the traps for the collection of Culicoides midges. The highest number of midges collected in the Onderstepoort trap (x¯±SD=62±94.2) was not significantly different from that collected in the Mini-CDC (x¯±SD=58±139.2). The Rieb trap collected the lowest number of midges (x¯±SD=3±4.0). Significantly higher mean numbers of midges were collected in the Onderstepoort than in either the Pirbright (P=0.002) or Rieb traps (P=0.008). There were also differences in the Culicoides species composition as determine with the various traps. These results indicate that the Onderstepoort or Mini-CDC traps will be more effective than either the Rieb or Pirbright traps for the collection of large numbers of Culicoides midges.
Authors:
R Del Río; M Monerris; M Miquel; D Borràs; C Calvete; R Estrada; J Lucientes; M A Miranda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary parasitology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2550     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602745     Medline TA:  Vet Parasitol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Zoology, University of the Balearic Islands (UIB), Cra. Valldemossa Km 7.5, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. Electronic address: ricardo.delrio@uib.es.
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