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Collagen-like polypeptide poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly) conjugated with Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser and Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn peptides enchances cell adhesion, migration, and stratification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20939034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Collagens are widely used in medical applications, including as a scaffold for tissue regeneration. However, animal-derived collagens have several drawbacks, such as low thermal stability, nonspecific cell adhesion, antigenicity, and contamination with pathogenic substances. To overcome these problems, we chemically synthesized the collagen-like polypeptide, poly(prolyl-hydroxyprolyl-glycyl) (poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly)), which forms a collagen-like triple-helical structure and shows biodegradability and biocompatibility. Here, we designed a novel scaffold where fibronectin-derived Gly Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (GRGDS) and Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn (PHSRN) peptides were simultaneously conjugated with poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly). We assessed cell adhesion and migration activities using NIH3T3 cells in the scaffold and stratification ofimmortalized rabbit corneal epithelial cells. Cell adhesion was enhanced in scaffolds with GRGDS, increased with increasing amounts of conjugated GRGDS, and was significantly higher than bovine type I atelocollagen but lower than bovine fibronectin. Interestingly, simultaneous conjugation of GRGDS and PHSRN synergistically enhanced cell migration. Scaffolds containing almost equal amounts of GRGDS and PHSRN showed significantly higher cell migration than bovine type I atelocollagen. Addition of free GRGDS completely inhibited cell migration on the scaffold, whereas addition of free PHSRN partially inhibited cell migration. These results suggest that GRGDS plays a definitive role, and PHSRN plays an additional role, in cell migration. Conjugation of GRGDS resulted in the same level of stratification of rabbit corneal epithelial cells compared with bovine type I atelocollagen and bovine fibronectin. Because the simultaneous conjugation of GRGDS and PHSRN on poly(Pro-Hyp-Gly) enhances cell adhesion, migration, and stratification, it may be a useful scaffold for tissue regeneration.
Authors:
Yoshiaki Shibasaki; Shiho Hirohara; Kayo Terada; Tsuyoshi Ando; Masao Tanihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biopolymers     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0006-3525     ISO Abbreviation:  Biopolymers     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372525     Medline TA:  Biopolymers     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  302-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5 Takayama, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.
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