Document Detail


Cold weather issues in sideline and event management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22580491     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Exercise in cold environments exerts a unique physiologic stress on the human body, which, under certain conditions, may result in a cold-related injury. Environmental factors are the most important risk factors for the development of hypothermia in athletes. Frostbite occurs as a result of direct cold injury to peripheral tissues. The biggest risk for frostbite is temperature. Trench foot is a result of repeated and constant immersion in cold water. Chilblains are local erythematous or cyanotic skin lesions that develop at ambient air temperatures of 32°F to 60°F after an exposure time of about 1 to 5 h. Cold urticaria is, essentially, an allergic reaction to a cold exposure and can be controlled with avoidance of the cold. There are a number of risk factors and conditions that predispose athletes to cold injury, but exercise in the cold can be done safely with proper education and planning.
Authors:
J Andrew McMahon; Allyson Howe
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1537-8918     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-14     Completed Date:  2012-10-23     Revised Date:  2012-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine 04105, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Temperature / physiology*
Cold Temperature / adverse effects*
Frostbite / etiology,  therapy
Humans
Hypothermia / etiology,  therapy
Immersion Foot / etiology,  therapy
Raynaud Disease / etiology,  therapy
Urticaria / etiology
Wounds and Injuries / etiology*,  prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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