Document Detail

Cold reperfusion before rewarming reduces neurological events after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22648926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To identify a safety threshold of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) duration; to determine which protection offers the best outcome and whether a 10-min period of cold perfusion (20°C) preceding rewarming can reduce neurological events (NE). METHODS: From January 1988 to April 2009, 456 patients underwent aortic surgery using DHCA: for chronic disease in 239 and acute in 217. Cerebral protection was obtained by straight DHCA (sDHCA) in 69 cases, retrograde perfusion (RCP) in 198 and antegrade perfusion (ACP) in 189. In 247 subjects, a 10-min period of cold perfusion (20°C) preceded rewarming; in 209 rewarming was restarted without this preliminary. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients (13%) experienced NE. Twenty-two (5%) suffered temporary neurological dysfunction (TND) and 36 (8%) suffered stroke. DHCA duration >30 min was predictive for higher rate of NE (25.2% vs. 2.0%, P 0.001); after this value, only ACP was able to reduce incidence of NE (16.5% vs. 30.5%, P = 0.035). Cold reperfusion before rewarming significantly reduced incidence of NE (7.7% vs. 18.7%, P < 0.001) and extended the safe period to 40 min. Thirty-day mortality was 16.0%. Predictors of higher early mortality were acute aortic disease, longer DHCA, lack of ACP or prompt rewarming when DHCA >30 min and postoperative stroke. CONCLUSIONS: sDHCA remains a safe and easy tool for cerebral protection when DHCA duration is expected to be less than 30 min. When aortic surgery requires a longer period, ACP should be instituted. Before rewarming, a 10-min period of cold perfusion significantly reduces incidence of NE.
Michele Di Mauro; Angela L Iacò; Carlo Di Lorenzo; Massimo Gagliardi; Egidio Varone; Hussein Al Amri; Antonio M Calafiore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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