Document Detail

Cold-induced vasodilatation of finger and maximal oxygen consumption of young female athletes born in Hokkaido.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2361774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine whether there is a direct correlation between endurance capacity and cold tolerance, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), and cold-induced vasodilatation (CIVD), we measured these factors in 14 young female athletes born in Hokkaido, Japan's northernmost island. We determined the VO2max by a standard incremental test on a cycle ergometer and measured the oxygen consumption (VO2) by means of the Douglas-bag method. We determined the CIVD reaction by measuring the skin temperature of the left middle finger during immersion in cold water at 0 degree C for 20 min. The athletes showed significant positive correlations between VO2max, expressed as 1/min, and CIVD as well as other peripheral cold tolerance indexes (resistance index against frostbite and CIVD index). The body weight VO2max (VO2max/kg body weight) failed to correlate significantly with either the CIVD or with other cold tolerance indexes. These results suggest that CIVD in females may depend on factors other than those determined in this study, in addition to the functional spread of the vascular beds in peripheral tissues, including striated muscle; it is known that the size and the vascular bed in this tissue are affected by exercise training and that this results in the elevation of VO2max and VO2max/kg body weight.
K Moriya; K Nakagawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of biometeorology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0020-7128     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Biometeorol     Publication Date:  1990 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-08-06     Completed Date:  1990-08-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374716     Medline TA:  Int J Biometeorol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health and Physical Education, Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Acclimatization / physiology
Cold Climate*
Cold Temperature / adverse effects
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Fitness / physiology
Vasodilation / physiology*

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