Document Detail

Cold housing effects on growth and nutrient demand of young horses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2254193     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Housing temperature effects on growth, feed utilization and feed digestion of 12, 7-mo-old Standardbred colts were evaluated for 22 wk beginning in late November. Colts were assigned to one of two treatments: housed in a barn heated at 10 degrees C (warm) or housed in a barn with no external heat supply (cold). All horses were allowed outdoors for 4 h daily. Mean temperatures of the warm and cold barn from November to April were 10.9 +/- .66 and -5.2 +/- 1.72 degrees C, respectively. Hair coat weight of cold-housed colts was 1.4- to twofold (P less than .05) that of warm-housed colts from December through April but declined for both groups from fall to spring. All colts were fed a pelleted diet to meet National Research Council (1989) energy guidelines for moderate gain (.65 kg/d). Warm-housed colts gained weight 29% more rapidly (P less than .01) than cold-housed colts (.67 vs .52 kg/d). Skeletal growth, measured by cannon bone circumference, wither and croup height, was not affected by housing temperature. Nutrient digestion by both groups of colts was compared to that of mature, warm-housed ponies. Ponies had longer (P less than .05) digestive tract retention times and higher digestibilities for every nutrient than the young horses did. Although retention times by all colts were similar, cold-housed colts digested more ADF and less phosphorus (P) than did warm-housed colts (P less than .05). Over time, digestibilities of DM, NDF and P declined (P less than .05) for colts but not for ponies. Maintenance energy needs were estimated at 34.6 kcal/kg BW for cold-housed colts vs 26.3 kcal/kg BW for warm-housed colts. Young horses need 1.3% more maintenance energy per Celsius degree decrease in temperature below 0 degree C. To sustain a constant moderate gain, daily DE intake needs to be increased .7% per Celsius degree decrease in ambient temperature below 0 degree C.
N F Cymbaluk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-01-24     Completed Date:  1991-01-24     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3152-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept. of Anim. Poult, Sci., University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed
Body Weight
Cold Temperature*
Energy Metabolism
Hair / growth & development
Horses / growth & development*,  physiology
Housing, Animal*
Urine / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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