Document Detail

Cold-Induced Accumulation of ω-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid in a Liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha L.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22484954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The liverwort Marchantia polymorpha L. synthesizes various long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids including arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid, neither of which is produced by higher plants. Here we report the effects of temperature on long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid accumulation in the liverwort. The accumulation of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increased significantly as the growth temperature decreased. Specifically, the relative content of eicosapentaenoic acid to total fatty acids at 5 °C was approximately 3-fold higher than at 25 °C. On the other hand, the accumulation of ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids decreased at low temperatures. An analysis of gene expression indicated that the mRNA of the MpFAD3 gene for ER ω-3 desaturase increased significantly at 5 °C. These results indicate that in the liverwort the n-3 pathway was enhanced at low temperature, mainly via expression of the cold-induced ω-3 desaturase gene, leading to increased accumulation of eicosapentaenoic acid.
Miho Takemura; Tatsuro Hamada; Haruka Kida; Kanji Ohyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Research Institute for Bioresources and Biotechnology, Ishikawa Prefectural University.
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