Document Detail

Colchicine for Prevention of Postpericardiotomy Syndrome and Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation: The COPPS-2 Randomized Clinical Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25172965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Importance: Postpericardiotomy syndrome, postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF), and postoperative effusions may be responsible for increased morbidity and health care costs after cardiac surgery. Postoperative use of colchicine prevented these complications in a single trial.
Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of perioperative use of oral colchicine in reducing postpericardiotomy syndrome, postoperative AF, and postoperative pericardial or pleural effusions.
Design, Setting, and Participants: Investigator-initiated, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial among 360 consecutive candidates for cardiac surgery enrolled in 11 Italian centers between March 2012 and March 2014. At enrollment, mean age of the trial participants was 67.5 years (SD, 10.6 years), 69% were men, and 36% had planned valvular surgery. Main exclusion criteria were absence of sinus rhythm at enrollment, cardiac transplantation, and contraindications to colchicine.
Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive placebo (n=180) or colchicine (0.5 mg twice daily in patients ≥70 kg or 0.5 mg once daily in patients <70 kg; n=180) starting between 48 and 72 hours before surgery and continued for 1 month after surgery.
Main Outcomes and Measures: Occurrence of postpericardiotomy syndrome within 3 months; main secondary study end points were postoperative AF and pericardial or pleural effusion.
Results: The primary end point of postpericardiotomy syndrome occurred in 35 patients (19.4%) assigned to colchicine and in 53 (29.4%) assigned to placebo (absolute difference, 10.0%; 95% CI, 1.1%-18.7%; number needed to treat = 10). There were no significant differences between the colchicine and placebo groups for the secondary end points of postoperative AF (colchicine, 61 patients [33.9%]; placebo, 75 patients [41.7%]; absolute difference, 7.8%; 95% CI, -2.2% to 17.6%) or postoperative pericardial/pleural effusion (colchicine, 103 patients [57.2%]; placebo, 106 patients [58.9%]; absolute difference, 1.7%; 95% CI, -8.5% to 11.7%), although there was a reduction in postoperative AF in the prespecified on-treatment analysis (placebo, 61/148 patients [41.2%]; colchicine, 38/141 patients [27.0%]; absolute difference, 14.2%; 95% CI, 3.3%-24.7%). Adverse events occurred in 21 patients (11.7%) in the placebo group vs 36 (20.0%) in the colchicine group (absolute difference, 8.3%; 95% CI; 0.76%-15.9%; number needed to harm = 12), but discontinuation rates were similar. No serious adverse events were observed.
Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, perioperative use of colchicine compared with placebo reduced the incidence of postpericardiotomy syndrome but not of postoperative AF or postoperative pericardial/pleural effusion. The increased risk of gastrointestinal adverse effects reduced the potential benefits of colchicine in this setting.
Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT01552187.
Massimo Imazio; Antonio Brucato; Paolo Ferrazzi; Alberto Pullara; Yehuda Adler; Alberto Barosi; Alida L Caforio; Roberto Cemin; Fabio Chirillo; Chiara Comoglio; Diego Cugola; Davide Cumetti; Oleksandr Dyrda; Stefania Ferrua; Yaron Finkelstein; Roberto Flocco; Anna Gandino; Brian Hoit; Francesco Innocente; Silvia Maestroni; Francesco Musumeci; Jae Oh; Amedeo Pergolini; Vincenzo Polizzi; Arsen Ristic; Caterina Simon; David H Spodick; Vincenzo Tarzia; Stefania Trimboli; Anna Valenti; Riccardo Belli; Fiorenzo Gaita;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1538-3598     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501160     Medline TA:  JAMA     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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