Document Detail


Cohort comparison of two fertility awareness methods of family planning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19370902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an electronic hormonal fertility monitor aided method (EHFM) of family planning is more effective than a cervical mucus only method (CMM) in helping couples to avoid pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Six hundred twenty-eight women were taught how to avoid pregnancy with either the EHFM (n=313) or the CMM (n = 315). Both methods involved standardized group teaching and individual follow-up. All pregnancies were reviewed and classified by health professionals. Correct use and total unintended pregnancy rates over 12 months of use were determined by survival analysis. Comparisons of unintended pregnancies between the 2 methods were made by use of the Fisher exact test. RESULTS: There were a total of 28 unintended pregnancies with the EFHM and 41 with the CMM. The 12-month correct use pregnancy rate of the monitor-aided method was 2.0%, and the total pregnancy rate was 12.0%. In comparison, the 12-month correct use pregnancy rate of the CMM was 3.0%, and the total pregnancy rate was 23.0%. There was a significant difference in total pregnancies between the 2 groups (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: EFHM is more effective than CMM. Further research is needed to verify the results.
Authors:
Richard J Fehring; Mary Schneider; Mary Lee Barron; Kathleen Raviele
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of reproductive medicine     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0024-7758     ISO Abbreviation:  J Reprod Med     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-17     Completed Date:  2009-05-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0173343     Medline TA:  J Reprod Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  165-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Marquette University College of Nursing, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 52301-1881, USA. richard.fehring@marquette.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Awareness
Biological Markers / analysis
Cervix Mucus / physiology*
Cohort Studies
Female
Fertility / physiology*
Humans
Natural Family Planning Methods / methods*
Ovulation Detection / methods*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Rate
Pregnancy, Unplanned*
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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