Document Detail

Cohesion and outcome in short-term psychodynamic groups for complicated grief.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12375484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study used two measures of cohesion for the process analysis of 12 short-term, time-limited groups for complicated grief. The measures had similar theoretical definitions but differed in terms of rater source (member vs. observer), measurement score (mean of items vs. global rating), and rating unit (individual vs. group). We examined the relationship between the measures, assessed the development of cohesion over the life of the group, and evaluated each measure's relationship to outcome. A principal components analysis with each measure yielded one cohesion component, which supported a unidimensional model; however, the two cohesion components were independent of each other, which supported a multidimensional model. Repeated measures analyses indicated that observer-rated cohesion developed in a quadratic manner (v pattern) across sessions, while member-rated cohesion developed in a linear manner. The object focus (the group, other members, the therapist) of the members' ratings determined whether cohesion increased or decreased across sessions. No significant relationships between cohesion and outcome were identified. Implications of the findings for the understanding of group cohesion are considered.
Dianne R Kipnes; William E Piper; Anthony S Joyce
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of group psychotherapy     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0020-7284     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Group Psychother     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-11     Completed Date:  2002-11-12     Revised Date:  2010-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374720     Medline TA:  Int J Group Psychother     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-509     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia.
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MeSH Terms
Adjustment Disorders / therapy*
Follow-Up Studies
Models, Psychological
Psychotherapeutic Processes*
Psychotherapy, Brief / methods*
Psychotherapy, Group / methods*
Treatment Outcome

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